Practical React Query Tips for Web Developers 55 Characters Max

Practical React Query Tips for Web Developers

React Query is a JavaScript library that provides a simple and powerful solution for handling server state in React applications. Its importance lies in improving the performance of an application by reducing the number of unnecessary API requests and making it easier to manage API requests and their associated data in React components. With practical React Query knowledge, developers can create applications that are more efficient and scalable. In this article, we will explore practical React Query techniques to help web developers improve application performance and management.

What is Practical React Query?

Practical React Query is a JavaScript library that aims to simplify and enhance the way web developers manage and cache API requests in their React applications. By reducing the number of unnecessary API requests and optimizing backend requests, it improves the performance of React applications. With practical React Query, developers can easily manage the state of their API requests and associated data in their React components.

What are the benefits of using Practical React Query?

Practical React Query offers numerous benefits to web developers including:

  • Configuring the stale, cache, retry delay time creating a queryClientConfig object
  • Updating the stale data in the background since react-query prefetches
  • Optimizing the requests to the backend

These benefits provide developers with enhanced control over their API requests, allowing them to improve the performance of their React applications.

How does Practical React Query work?

Practical React Query functions by managing the state of API queries in React applications. It automatically manages caching and invalidation of API data, reducing the number of unnecessary API requests. This results in faster and more efficient data fetching in the background. Additionally, practical React Query uses unopinionated data fetching that can work with any data source, including REST, GraphQL, and others. By enabling developers to optimize their backend requests, Practical React Query helps developers to improve the performance of their React applications.

How do developers use Practical React Query?

Developers can integrate Practical React Query into their React applications by importing and configuring the library within their components. It includes a query cache, allowing developers to manage their API requests and cache instances throughout their application from a single location. Developers can configure caching policies, set up refresh intervals, and optimize the time-interval for cache invalidation. Additionally, Practical React Query provides a variety of built-in hooks that simplify the management of queries and data within components.

Practical React Query provides web developers with powerful tools for optimizing their API requests and data caching in React applications. By facilitating data-fetching in the background, it improves the overall efficiency and speed of React applications. Its configuration options and built-in hooks make it easy for developers to manage their data requests and cache data across their applications.

Installation and Setup

If you want to improve the performance of your React applications and make it easier to manage API requests and their associated data, you might want to learn React Query. To get started with React Query, you need to install and set up the necessary dependencies and configurations.

First, use the following command to create a new React application:

npx create-react-app react-query

Next, install React Query and Axios:

npm install react-query axios

After installing React Query, you need to wrap the App.js component with the QueryClientProvider component from React Query to have access to all the hooks:

<QueryClientProvider client={queryClient}><App /></QueryClientProvider>

Creating Queries

Once React Query is installed and set up, you can start creating queries. Here is a step-by-step guide:

  1. Create a query using useQuery hook:
  2. const { data, isLoading, error } = useQuery(‘posts’, () => axios.get(‘/api/posts’));
  3. Use query data in your component:
  4. if (isLoading) return ‘Loading…’;
    if (error) return ‘An error has occurred: ‘ + error.message;

    return => (
    <div key={}>

  5. Add options to the useQuery hook:
  6. You can add options to the useQuery hook to configure cache, stale data, retrying, and more. Here is an example:

    const options = {
    staleTime: 10000, // cache is considered stale after 10 seconds
    cacheTime: 60000, // items in cache will timeout after 60 seconds
    retry: 3, // retry failed queries up to 3 times
    retryDelay: (attemptIndex) => Math.min(1000 * 2 ** attemptIndex, 30000), // delay between retries

    const { data, isLoading, error } = useQuery(‘posts’, () => axios.get(‘/api/posts’), options);

Image by freepik from Pixabay

Optimistic Updates

Optimistic updates are a feature of React Query that allow developers to update the UI immediately after a mutation is triggered, without waiting for a response from the API. This improves the user experience and can give the impression of a faster application. To implement optimistic updates in a React Query project, developers can use the useMutation hook to update the local cache of the application while it waits for the API response. Once the response is received, the cache is updated again based on the actual server response. The benefit of using optimistic updates is that it can reduce the number of API calls made by the application, making it more efficient and improving performance.

Customizing Query Caching

In React Query, query caching is used to store the results of API requests in memory so that they can be quickly accessed by React components. By default, React Query uses a general query cache that can be customized in a number of ways. Developers can configure the cache to use custom behavior such as the time a query is considered stale, custom cache keys, and cache time-to-live. This allows developers to fine-tune the caching process to meet the specific needs of their application. To customize query caching in a React Query project, developers can create a queryClientConfig object and pass it to the QueryClientProvider component wrapped around the App.js component.

Handling Pagination

React Query makes it easy to handle pagination by using the useInfiniteQuery hook. This hook provides developers with a way to request a set number of items from an API endpoint, and then request additional items as needed. To handle pagination using React Query, developers can create a key function that returns a unique key for each page of data. Developers can then use the useInfiniteQuery hook to fetch data for each page, and combine the results into a single list of items. Different pagination strategies, such as infinite scrolling or pagination links, can be implemented depending on the specific needs of the application.

Handling Server Errors

React Query provides developers with several options for handling server errors. One strategy is to use the onError option provided by the useQuery and useMutation hooks. When an error occurs, this option allows developers to catch the error and perform custom error handling, such as showing an error message to the user. Another strategy is to use the retry feature provided by React Query, which can automatically retry failed API requests. Developers can configure the retry delay time and number of retries to suit the specific needs of their application. Finally, developers can use the useIsFetching hook to determine if there are any pending requests that are waiting for a response from the server.

Using DevTools and Debugging Queries

When using React Query, utilizing DevTools is crucial for debugging queries effectively. DevTools provide an easy way to visualize and monitor the state of queries, as well as information on cache updates and network requests. To use DevTools, simply install the React Developer Tools extension in your browser and open the React tab. Click on the Query Client item and you will be able to view all the queries in your application.

To debug queries effectively, check the query status, data, error, and other relevant metadata in the DevTools. In addition, use console.log() to log query results and to check for errors. Do not hesitate to bookmark or set breakpoints in your queries so that you can easily keep track of them.

Keeping Client and Server State Separate

It is essential to keep client and server state separate in React Query. Server state refers to the data on the backend while client state refers to the data on the frontend. By following this best practice, you avoid any inconsistencies on the data displayed on the frontend and resolve any issues related to stale data. You can use the useQuery hook to fetch data from the server and use the useMutation hook to modify the data on the server.

To keep server and client state separate, you can use the queryKey property to define unique identifiers of your queries. These identifiers should be able to distinguish client and server state as well as different instances of the same query. Using proper query keys allows you to segregate server and client state and prevents data inconsistencies.

Defining Query Keys Properly

Defining query keys properly is an essential aspect of React Query. A query key is a unique identifier for a specific query that you define during the query instance creation. The query key lets the cache system know which query it refers to, and it is used to identify cached data. It is important to use proper definitions for query keys to avoid caching incorrect or stale data.

When defining query keys, you can use a string, an array of strings, or a function that returns a string or an array of strings. For example, if you are querying a list of movies, you can define the query key as the URL where the data is located. This key should be unique to that specific set of data. It is also crucial to define query keys properly when updating data. You need to ensure that the data and the queries pointing to it share the same query key.

What is the difference between client state and server state?

Client state refers to the data stored in the browser and managed by React, while server state is the data stored on the server-side. The benefits of using both together in a web development project include faster page loads and better user experience as well as more efficient data management.

How can I create custom hooks using React Query?

To create custom hooks using React Query, you need to use the useQuery hook and pass a query key as a parameter. You can then customize the results and data options using the provided hooks. You can also use the useMutation hook to create custom hooks for handling mutations. One example of customization options is configuring the stale, cache, and retry delay time by creating a queryClientConfig object.


React Query can significantly improve the performance of web development projects, enabling developers to manage API requests and data more effectively. By using practical React Query tips and best practices, developers can build more efficient, reliable, and successful applications.


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Being a web developer, writer, and blogger for five years, Jade has a keen interest in writing about programming, coding, and web development.
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