Java Util Input Mismatch Exception Quick Fix Guide

Java Util Input Mismatch Exception: Quick Fix Guide

The Java Util Input Mismatch Exception is a common error that Java programmers encounter when working with the Scanner class to prompt users for input. It occurs when the input provided by the user does not match the expected data type, either because it does not conform to the expected pattern or it is out of range. This exception is important in Java programming because it can interrupt the program’s execution and lead to errors or unexpected behavior, making it crucial to handle it properly. This article will provide an overview of the Input Mismatch Exception and offer insights on how to prevent and handle it in Java programming.

What is Java Util Input Mismatch Exception?

Java Util Input Mismatch Exception is an exception that can occur when using the Scanner class in Java programs to take user input. This exception happens when the input data entered by the user does not match the expected type or is out of range. For instance, if the expected data type is integer, and the user enters a string, the Input Mismatch Exception will be thrown. The exception can also be caused by invalid data patterns, such as non-numeric characters in an integer input field or decimal numbers in an integer input field. These incorrect inputs cause the code to throw the Input Mismatch Exception.

One common cause of Input Mismatch Exception is the absence of proper input validation, which results in issues when working with user inputs. Another cause could be input errors from the user due to non-intuitive user interfaces that can confuse the user on what data format is expected.

The following example demonstrates how Input Mismatch Exception can occur in Java.

import java.util.Scanner;

public class InputMismatchDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      try {
         Scanner scanner = new Scanner(;
         System.out.print("Enter an integer: ");
         int number = scanner.nextInt();
         System.out.println("You entered: " + number);
      } catch(Exception e) {
         System.out.println("Input Mismatch Exception: " + e.getMessage());

In the code example above, an integer input is expected, but if the user enters a string or any other data type, the code will throw an Input Mismatch Exception.

How to Handle Java Util Input Mismatch Exception

Try-Catch Block

One way to handle the Input Mismatch Exception in Java is to use a Try-Catch block. This block of code helps to catch the error if it occurs in the program. When using Scanner class for user input, we can wrap the code with a Try-Catch block to catch the InputMismatchException. The Catch block’s code will execute if an exception occurs in the Try block. We can customize the error message in the Catch block to make it easier for the user to understand.

.hasNext Method

Another way to handle Input Mismatch Exception in Java is by using the hasNext() method. This method is part of the Java Scanner class and can help us avoid Input Mismatch Exception. It returns a boolean value indicating whether there is another token available in the input source. We can use this method to loop through the input and validate whether the input matches the expected data type. By doing this, we can prevent the program from throwing an InputMismatchException error.

Use of Regular Expressions

To prevent Input Mismatch Exception in Java, we can use Regular Expressions to filter out the input. Regular expressions are strings that define search patterns that can help us match specific characters or character sets in the input. By using Regular Expressions, we can define the expected pattern for the input and compare it to the user’s input. If the input matches the expected pattern, the program will continue with the successful input. In contrast, if the input does not match the pattern, the program will throw an InputMismatchException error. Here is an example of using Regular Expressions to accept only integers:


import java.util.Scanner;
public class Main {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
       Scanner scanner = new Scanner(;
       System.out.print("Enter an Integer: ");
       String input =;
       if (input.matches("^[0-9]+$")) {
           int number = Integer.parseInt(input);
           System.out.println("The integer number entered is: " + number);
       } else {
           System.out.println("Invalid Input. Please enter an integer number.");

In the code above, the Regular Expression is `^[0-9]+$`, which matches only numbers from 0 to 9. The caret (^) and dollar sign ($) are used to anchor the Regular Expression to the start and end of the input, respectively. The plus sign (+) indicates that there should be one or more numbers in the input.

Best Practices to Prevent Input Mismatch Exception

Input Validation

Input validation is an important practice to prevent input mismatch exception in Java. This involves verifying that the user input is valid for the expected type. Implementing input validation can prevent the error from occurring in the first place by only allowing input that meets certain criteria.

For example, if a user is expected to enter a number, the input validation code could check that the input is a number and within a certain range of values. This can be achieved with several techniques such as Regular Expressions, Try-Catch Blocks, and String Tokenizer.

Clear Error Messages

Clear error messages can help users identify and fix an input mismatch exception quickly. When an error occurs, the user must be made aware of what went wrong and how they can correct it.

A good error message should be concise and provide clear instructions on how to resolve the issue. It should avoid technical jargon and use plain language that is easy for users to understand. Additionally, the error message should be specific to the user input and not a general error message that does not pinpoint the root cause of the problem.

For example, instead of just displaying “Input Mismatch Exception”, the error message could say “Invalid input format. Please enter a number between 1 and 100”. This provides the user with specific information on what went wrong and how to fix it.


The Input Mismatch Exception can pose a challenge during Java programming when the input from the user does not match the expected type or pattern. To prevent this exception, it is essential to provide complete details and specifications when obtaining user input using the Scanner class. Client-side validation can also help identify errors before a form is submitted, but care must be taken not to interrupt the user’s experience with excessive error messages.

By handling the Input Mismatch Exception using the correct methods, programmers can avoid potential errors and ensure that their programs operate smoothly. With attention to detail and thorough testing, Java programs can provide an exceptional experience for users.


If you’re facing InputMismatchException while working with Java programs using the Scanner class, there are a few resources that can help:

  • – This article explains what InputMismatchException is and how to handle it in Java with code examples.
  • GeeksforGeeks – This tutorial explains how to use the Scanner class in Java with code examples.
  • Oracle Docs – This is the official documentation for the Scanner class in Java, which includes a full list of methods and their explanations.
Being a web developer, writer, and blogger for five years, Jade has a keen interest in writing about programming, coding, and web development.
Posts created 491

Related Posts

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top