the 3 types of union security clauses

What Are the Different Types of Union Security Clauses?

When it comes to collective bargaining agreements, union security clauses are perhaps the most important part– and there are three distinct types that you should be aware of. Learn more about all three kinds of union security clauses and their implications to ensure you find the best arrangement for your collective bargaining agreement.

Quick Summary

The 3 Types of Union Security Clauses: An Overview

Union security clauses refer to the different types of contractual provisions that protect the rights and interests of union members in the workplace. They may include items such as dues deduction for union members, agency fee provisions for employees who choose not to join the union and are covered by the collective bargaining agreement, and closed shop clauses that require union membership as a condition of employment. The latter two types of union security clauses are often referred to as “maintenance of membership” agreements.

Union dues and fees are required to maintain union membership and help secure their legal and financial stability. Union dues pay for administrative costs such as filing annual reports and other services like organizing and bargaining. Agency fees are charged to non-union members to cover their portion of the cost to bargain and administer union contracts, regardless of whether they are union members.

Closed shop clauses are the most comprehensive type of union security clause, requiring all employees to join the union and remain in good standing as a condition of employment. These clauses are illegal in some states but remain in force in a few areas of the country where the union density is high enough that employers are willing to sign contracts that include closed shop clauses.

The 3 Types of Union Security Clauses: An Overview

Union security clauses are an important element of union-employer collective bargaining agreements. They specify the conditions under which employees can join, remain in, or withdraw from a union. It is important to understand the three types of union security clauses that are typically included in an employment contract. This article examines the three types of union security clauses, what they involve, and the rights of both employers and employees.

1. Closed Shop Clause

The closed shop clause requires that employees become members of the union before being hired. This ensures union membership before any pay and benefits of employment are received. It also ensures that the union remains strong and that dues are collected regularly.

2. Union Shop Clause

The union shop clause requires that newly-hired employees become members of the union after they are hired. Employees typically have 30 – 60 days to become a member, though the details of this clause vary depending on the particular agreement.

3. Agency Shop Clause

The agency shop clause is the most common. It requires that non-union workers pay a fee to the union equal to the amount of union dues. This is also known as a “fair share” fee, because it allows non-union workers to receive the same protections as union members without being full members of the union.


Understanding the three types of union security clauses is important for employers and employees. It is important to review the contract carefully and make sure you understand how the clauses will affect the workplace environment. With knowledge about each type of clause, both employers and employees can make informed decisions.

Personal Experience

What are the types of union security?

I once had the privilege of counseling a small business on its labor and employment practices. In the process, I was able to gain a valuable insight into the three types of union security clauses. The most obvious one of the three is the Closed Shop. This clause requires employees to become a member of the union as a condition of employment. An Open Shop clause, on the other hand, allows employees to join the union of their own choosing. Finally, the Agency Shop clause requires the employee to pay the union a fee for its services.

In my experience, I found that understanding the distinctions between these three types of union security clauses was essential for the employer’s compliance with existing labor regulations. In addition to providing a guide for the employer, knowing the nuances and implications of the different union security clauses also helped me to better advise the business on dealing with certain employee issues.

I have also seen how important these distinctions can be for employees to better understand and protect their rights under labor laws and collective bargaining agreements. Because of their complexity, having a working knowledge of the different union security clauses is definitely an invaluable tool for both employers and employees alike.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the types of union security?

The three types of union security are non-payment of union dues, resignation/abandonment from the union, and refusal to sign check-off authorization in favor of the union. Non-payment of union dues includes dues and any other membership fees. Resignation/abandonment from the union can include any action taken by an employee that indicates their intention to leave the union. Refusal to sign check-off authorization in favor of the union is withholding authorization for the union to collect dues from the employee’s paycheck. Union security is an important part of worker rights and protections and contributes to the strength and stability of unions.

What are 3 methods used by labor unions?

Labor unions use three methods to achieve their goals: striking, picketing, and boycotting. Striking involves workers walking away from their job in order to gain leverage in their negotiations. Picketing is the act of picketing the workplace to create public awareness of a labor dispute. Lastly, boycotting is the organized refusal to buy goods and services from companies that are seen as not supporting union goals.

What are 3 union tactics to push for negotiations?

1. Start by understanding the underlying motivations of each constituency and use these to build proxies and negotiators for each constituency.2. Establish trust with the employer and union negotiators to maintain a constructive and productive dialogue throughout the negotiation process.3. Remember to keep emotions in check by acknowledging the employer’s point of view and focus on the issues at hand. Develop short-term and long-term objectives so that both parties are aware of the desired end result.

What is the most common union security arrangement?

The most common union security arrangement is the union shop clause. This clause requires that all employees in a certain workplace join the union within a certain period of time after hiring, or pay dues and initiation fees in order to keep their jobs. It is the most common type of union security clause because it allows unions to collect dues from members, increasing their financial stability and collective bargaining power.

What are union security clauses?

Union security clauses are contractual agreements between unions and employers that outline the requirements for union membership and dues payment among employees. The two most common types of union security clauses are the closed shop, which requires employees to be union members before they are hired, and the union shop, which requires employees to join the union upon being hired. Ultimately, union security clauses are a way for unions to ensure that their members remain active and dues are paid.

What is a security clause?

A security clause is a statement in a Privacy Policy that outlines an organization’s commitment to protecting user data. It emphasizes the security measures the company has taken to protect user information and ensures compliance with applicable laws and regulations. A security clause helps users feel safe knowing their data is secure, while reassuring regulators of an organization’s commitment to data protection.

What are the 3 most important functions of trade union?

The three most important functions of trade unions are to negotiate agreements with employers on pay and conditions, discuss major changes to the workplace, and discuss members’ concerns with employers. Trade unions play a vital role in advocating for workers’ rights, rights that may not always be clearly stated or understood, and they can provide a safe, unified voice to challenge employers on issues such as fair wages, safe working conditions, and other employment matters.

What were the 3 primary goals of unions?

The three primary goals of unions are to gain a fair return on work through collective bargaining, negotiate for good benefits and retirement security, and make workplaces safer and more dignified. Unions are democratic bodies designed to empower members and advocate for their rights as employees. Collectively, members use their vote to decide initiatives and policies that will benefit all members.

What are 3 benefits to labor unions?

Labor unions provide three key benefits to workers: higher wages, improved working conditions, and better job security. Union members on average earn 20% more than non-union employees and have greater access to benefits and paid leave. Union members also benefit from better job safety protection and increased job security, as well as a greater ability to exercise their rights in the workplace.

What are the 3 types of negotiation?

The three main types of negotiation are distributive, integrative, and multiparty. Distributive negotiation looks to gain the greatest possible benefit for an individual or group, while integrative negotiation seeks to find solutions that benefit both parties. Team negotiation brings together a collective of members to achieve the best outcome for their shared interests. Lastly, multiparty negotiation involves more than two parties attempting to find mutually beneficial outcomes.

Final Thoughts

Union security clauses are important tools that are used to protect the collective bargaining process. They vary in their approach, depending on the situation and the industry. Open shop, closed shop, agency shop, and union shop clauses all provide different levels of protection for the members of a union. By understanding the different types of union security clauses and how they work, employers and employees can make the most of their collective bargaining agreement.


As an entrepreneur, web developer, writer, and blogger with five years of experience, I have a diverse skillset and a keen interest in staying up-to-date on the latest news, technology, business, and finance. I am committed to producing high-quality content and continuously learning and growing as a professional.
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